Numerous fungi inhabit the human body. Candida is one type. It’s a form of yeast that ordinarily exists in trace levels in areas such as your mouth and tummy, as well as on your skin, without creating any difficulties. However, under the correct conditions, yeast can reproduce and grow out of control.
Candidiasis is the infection it causes. It comes in a variety of varieties. The majority of these conditions are easily treatable with over-the-counter or prescription drugs.
Throat (Oropharyngeal Candidiasis)
When the candida yeast multiplies in the mouth and throat, it can cause thrush. It is especially prevalent in neonates, the elderly, and individuals with compromised immune systems. Adults who:
- Are undergoing cancer treatment
- Utilize corticosteroids and broad-spectrum antibiotics.
- Dentures should be worn
Diabetes symptoms include the following:
- Tongue, lips, gums, roof of mouth, and inside cheeks: white or yellow areas
- Mouth and throat redness or pain
- Cracking at the mouth’s corners
- If the pain travels to the throat, it can cause difficulty swallowing.
- Antifungal medications such as nystatin, clotrimazole, and fluconazole are used to treat thrush. In those with compromised immune systems, rinsing the mouth with chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash may help avoid infections.
Infection of the Genital Yeast (Genital Candidiasis)
Three out of every four adult females will acquire a yeast infection at least once during their lifetime. This occurs when an excessive amount of yeast accumulates in the vagina. (Genital yeast infections are also possible in men, but they are considerably less prevalent.)
Typically, a yeast infection occurs when the vaginal equilibrium is disturbed. This can occur as a result of the following:
- Diabetes During Pregnancy Certain medications, such as antibiotics and birth control drugs.
- Utilization of a variety of douches, vaginal sprays, lubricants, and spermicides
- A compromised immune system
- Wearing a damp bathing suit or workout attire, or non-breathable underwear
Occasionally, the illness can be transmitted during intercourse.
Among the symptoms are the following:
- Excessive itching in the vaginal area
- Vaginal and vulval redness and swelling (the outer part of the female genitals)
- When you urinate, you will experience pain and burning.
- Discomfort during sexual activity
- The vaginal discharge is thick and white, resembling “cottage cheese.
A man suffering from a yeast infection may experience an itching rash on his penis.
Because the symptoms in women may mimic those of other infections such as bacterial vaginosis (bacterial overgrowth in the vagina) and sexually transmitted diseases, it is critical to consult a physician.
Typically, an OTC antifungal suppository, pill, or lotion will eradicate the infection. Additionally, your physician may recommend a single dose of a prescription antifungal medication such as fluconazole. Inform your physician if you suffer from yeast infections more than four times a year. They may recommend taking antifungal medicine on a regular basis for several months to combat the recurring infections.
Rash on Diaper Due to Yeast Infection
While diaper rashes are typically caused by leaving a wet or soiled diaper on for an extended period of time, if your baby’s skin becomes inflamed, infection is more likely. If their diaper rash persists, examine their bottom for redness and sensitivity, as well as a raised red border around the sores. If this is the case, have your pediatrician do a candidiasis test. It is treatable with antifungal cream.
Maintaining a clean and dry diaper rash and candidiasis-free bottom is a wonderful place to start.
Candida yeast can spread to the heart, brain, blood, eyes, and bones if it enters the bloodstream (often via medical equipment or gadgets). This can result in a serious, potentially fatal infection.
This is most frequently experienced by those who have just been admitted to a hospital or are residents of a healthcare facility, such as a nursing home. As with other yeast infections, your chances of contracting it are increased if you have diabetes, a weaker immune system, kidney failure, or are on antibiotics.
Fever and chills are common symptoms. Due to the likelihood that someone who has this infection is already ill with another ailment, it might be difficult to diagnose.
Invasive candidiasis is treated with antifungal medicine administered orally or intravenously. If you are scheduled for surgery and your risk of developing a yeast infection is increased, your doctor may prescribe a regimen of antifungal medications prior to the procedure.