Acne is one of the most common disorders to plague men and women when it comes to skin abnormalities. Acne is commonly referred to as pimples. Apart from pimples, skin can also have other problems such as blemishes, hyperpigmentation, scars, wrinkles, and fine lines. All of these along with acne can add up to a nightmare for young men and women.
Acne usually affects younger men and women starting with puberty and can even prolong in the late ’30s due to hormonal imbalance. Acne treatment is now done at many specialized clinics by skin specialists who try to understand the source of the acne infection and try to minimize the effect with many techniques that are proven to be effective in controlling and managing acne.
What is Acne?
Acne is seen as small bumpy textured skin with or without inflammation and with or without pus. If the infection is superficial and is only made of sebaceous oil, dead skin cells, and dirt, they are quite dormant and have no swelling, reddening, or pus in them.
On the other hand, if the infection is caused by bacterias that cause acne, the skin tends to get infected, becomes inflamed and red, might penetrate deep into the layers of the skin and fill with pus as well. This can cause major issues for those who have the latter kind of infection as they are very visible and can look quite abnormal on the skin. It also compromises the aesthetic appearance of the face.
Causes of Acne
Acne can be caused by various different factors as there is not one but a combination of natural and personal factors that can determine whether or not acne occurs on the facial skin. Some of the most important reasons why acne occurs are:
1. Excessive Oil Secretion
The most important and viable reason for acne-causing on the skin is due to overly oily skin. The skin is made of pores that have sebaceous glands deep within. These sebaceous glands have the major purpose of providing natural oil for moisture to our skin and keep the skin hydrated and protected from the environment. Unfortunately, they can get trapped in the pores and cause acne if they are not cleansed off properly. They majorly form dormant kinds of acne such as Whiteheads and Blackheads
2. Personal Hygiene
Another most important reason for the occurrence of pimples is the lack of personal hygiene. When the skin is not thoroughly rinsed after a long day of being outside or sweating in general or especially after using makeup on the skin, this little dirt and grease can get trapped in the layers of the skin and cause a bacterial infection which occurs in the form of acne.
3. Hormonal Imbalance
Hormones play a major role in the appearance of acne on our skin. Acne is natural at the time of puberty when the body goes through a surge of hormones and maturity. Some people have hormonal imbalance throughout their lives because of which acne can occur frequently.
4. Bacterial Infection
Bacterial infection is another major reason for acne as acne is caused by various bacterias that may transfer to our face when we use unhygienic utilities such as sweaty helmets, dirty face towels, used makeup sponges, sharing makeup, etc.
5. The side effects of medication
Some medications, especially those that deal with hormone regulation or contraceptives, may have acne as a side effect. The only means to counter this is with acne treatment from a skin specialist.